Sunday, May 24, 2020

Creating Positive Relationships Among Co Workers Essay

Creating Positive Relationships Among Co-Workers through Nurse to Nurse Communication A large part of a nurse’s day includes providing effective nurse to patient communication in order to achieve positive patient outcomes but often another source of communication that also aids in achieving positive patient outcomes, nurse to nurse communication, is often deemed insignificant. A hectic workday can make creating positive relationships nearly impossible however, taking the time to create these positive relationships among nursing co-workers’ is significant. Positive relationships among coworkers through effective nurse to nurse communication may aid in the prevention of medical errors on patient safety through the establishment of trust and mutual respect among nurses. In addition, through these positive relationships issues such as lateral violence and nurse burnout may be avoided. Nurse to Nurse Communication Nurse to Nurse communication directly impacts patient care and â€Å"what we say, how we say it, and what we mean by it† (Vertino, 2014, para. 3) are extremely important. There is a huge emphasis on communication in the nursing profession therefore, developing essential communication skills is vital and ineffective communication can have severe consequences and be the difference between life and death. According to a 2013 study published in the Journal of Patient Safety, as many as 440,000 people die each year from preventable medical errors and of those deaths theShow MoreRelatedUse of an Attitude Survey in GMFC Labor Talks1443 Words   |  6 Pagescharacteristics which impact employee behavior and organizational performance (Williams, 1998). Companies may use survey results to modify their management style, organizational culture, workplace characteristics, or incentives in order to improve worker satisfaction and overall productivity (Williams, 1998). Although the link between employee attitudes and actual work performance has been found to be somewhat inconsistent (Schleicher, Watt, Greguras, 2004), research has confirmed at least a moderateRead MoreEthics : Ethics And The Workplace1407 Words   |  6 PagesIn this day in age ethics is a big part of businesses. An Ethical employee tends to make decisions in the best interest of their employers, co-workers, and also outside companies other than themselves. This being said I will be discussing how ethics and communication can help and benefit you in the workplace and how it can build relationships with employees, what companies look for in their workplace using ethic also some statistics of how ethics benefits the workplace, and a few cons businessesRead MoreThe Effects Of Workplace Bullying On Workplace Essay907 Words   |  4 PagesWorkplace bullying can occur among all people and different venues. 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Meaning matters, says Dave Ulrich, a professor at the University of Michigans Ross School of Business and co-founder of the consultingRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Nursing Leadership1638 Words   |  7 Pagesthe different nursing roles, how I plan on using this leadership concept in my practice and lastly, how this leadership concept changed me. Emotional intelligence is a leadership style that can be mastered by all, allowing for a positive working environment and relationships within. Background and Concept of Emotional Intelligence Psychologists John Mayer and Peter Salovey first introduced emotional intelligence in 1990. They defined emotional intelligence as the ability to take note of one s ownRead MoreChallenges Of Management And Human Resources934 Words   |  4 Pagessupplier to its customers. At IKEA, co-workers are expected to follow the principles set forth in the â€Å"Testament of a Furniture Dealer†, while managers are expected to be role models instead of dictators. IKEA’s corporate conduct establishes standards that follow a command that the IKEA business shall have an overall positive impact on people and the environment. IKEA motivation when it enters new markets is not to only make money, but also develop a relationship with its customers and employees toRead MoreThe Impact Of Ethical Dimension On Job Satisfaction Of Employees1232 Words   |  5 Pagessupport and rewarding ethical behavior, the more positive and fruitful will be the expected outcomes. A person can convince othe rs to achieve specific objectives through inspiration and leading properly. Human beings have the capacity to bring harmony in a group and lead people towards a goal (David, 1986). Job satisfaction is a positive feeling about a person’s job which is a result of the appraisal of its characteristics. Some people have positive feelings about their jobs while some have negative

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Critical Analysis Of The Current Performance Management Business Essay - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2544 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? To perform well in this assignment, you are expected to satisfy the assessment criteria identified in the matrix provided above. You should also research widely using a wide variety of articles relevant to the topic, with a minimum of ten (10) peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles. Wikipedia sources and other www source materials are not recognised as reliable reference sources. (For assistance in accessing such papers, students should access the CQU Librarys website.) Details Read the case study below. Provide an analysis of the case study below. Your paper should provide a critical analysis of the current performance management (PM) practices in the organisation. Your analysis should reflect current thinking and practice in international human resource management (IHRM) and the differentiating factors that warrant analysis in IHRM. It should include comment on the influencing functions such as staffing, training and development, employment relations, organisation and national culture and other relevant issues that may impact on the PM model. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Critical Analysis Of The Current Performance Management Business Essay" essay for you Create order Do not answer the guide questions individually, but rather use them as a guide for your analysis, recommendations, if any, and conclusion. Global talent management at Standard Chartered Bank Standard Chartered bank has turned the emerging talent and skills shortage challenge around. Standard Chartered, an international retail and corporate bank with headquarters in London, derives 90 percent of its profits from emerging markets in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. With Standard Chartereds declared goal of measurably increasing leadership capacity by 2011, the bank faces major global HR challenges. An additional challenge is that it must recruit people from countries where there is a limited, often non-existent, pool of banking talent with the requisite skills and experience. Aware of the enormous talent management challenge, HR understands that the bank needs to create its own talent factory and do a number of critical things right. First, it needs the endorsement and emotional commitment of the CEO, regional business teams, and country CEOs. The talent management processes of acquiring, developing, and retaining people must become core strategic objectives of the bank and part of everything that managers do in every market in the world. Second, building a talent pool is a long-haul journey. For Standard Chartered, that translates into simple core processes, minimum standards, and reliable data so that managers can have acceptable country conversations on how to best manage talent in their part of the world. While introducing global standards and tools, managers in the emerging markets are given some latitudes to decide how to implement HR practices around talent. With 9 000 line managers, who tend to be rational and data-based bankers rather than touchy-feely types of people, an HR decision to focus on hard data as the source of action is a good fit. The result is a Human Capacity Scorecard, introduced in 2005. It has now grown to an extensive database that contains detailed work force information regarding the effectiveness of people processes and their impact on business performance for each business unit and country. The data are manage d through a Shared Service Centre in India. Employees are classified into one of four categories, ranging from high-potentials to underperformers. This helps managers better understand what they need to do to support their local talent and plan for the future talent needs of the bank. Third, because of the absence of skilled talent in the emerging markets in which they operate, Standard Chartered made the decision to focus on the strengths of its people (whether potential recruits or employees) rather than on traditional HR competency models. Since people perform best when they play to their strengths, it matches the strengths of its employees with the appropriate competency requirements of the positions to be filled. Finally, Standard Chartered uses a structured interview process to get leaders to play to their best skills, creates profiles to increase self-awareness, and offers coaching and self-help tools for improvement. Because leadership development is imperative for sus tainability, growth and a satisfied work force, they focus on the creation of an internal pipeline of people who can accelerate their personal development and assume leadership roles at a rapid pace. Combining executive commitment, standard processes, a data-driven Human Capital Scorecard, a focus on the strengths of its labour pool and an ongoing development of the leadership pipeline, HR is strategically managing the talent factory essential for the banks future success. Guild Questions 1. How does Standard Chartered Banks leadership development talent factory differ from traditional methods of developing leaders in Multi-National Enterprises (MNEs)? 2. What arguments would you put for or against Standard Chartered Banks process for acquiring, developing, and retaining employees to assume future leadership roles within the bank? 3. While Standard Chartered Bank has introduced global standards and tools, managers in the emerging markets are given some latitudes to decide how to implement HR practices around talent. Which HR practices would you recommend the bank standardise and which would you recommend allowing managers to vary in relation to managing talent in the banks emerging markets? 1.1 Human resources management: An historical perspective In order to find the first root of a working structure, we have to analyze the Middle-Ages. Indeed, Clermont Barnabà © (1981, pp.27-51) highlights the first traces of productivity and the delegation of duties at this time. It is hardly surprising that a certain notion of human resources management might have found. Indeed, we can highlight the first foundation of the working structure that we currently know with both status masters and serfs. However, this relation was not the more desirable for the serfs but it was possible to underline different social classes. Even though the concept of slave that we unfortunately know might seem quiet close of serf, there is a fundamental distinction because the latter enjoyed certain right that enables them to have a more favourable situation than the slaves; they were allowed to go to court, to participate to a contract and so forth (Microsoft Encarta, 2008). Moreover, the owners status depended upon the number of slaves what serfs was not and therefore, it shows us that they were considered more as the current concept of tools, machines, and so forth; included within the capital. At this period, a certain organization could be viewed with the development of guild a medieval association with two distinctions for merchants and craftsmen. (Microsoft Encarta, 2008) The organization inside is strictly hierarchical and controlled where three different classes of workers interacted. The master was at the top of the hierarchy but he was involved in the daily work with journeymen who were able to become a master in the future. Of course, they were at an intermediary level but the apprentice was at the bottom of the scale and occupied the worst position. This latter grade was compulsory. This association marked the real beginning of the human resources management because these three aforementioned classes formed a high close-knit group. Therefore, it was possible to emphasize a certain degree of specialisation in order t o produce and it enables them to interact between holders and workers. Talent management : art or science ? Fang Fang Li and Pierre Devos 16 Nevertheless, this situation evolved with the emergence of numerous events. Indeed, since the beginning of the 18th century, the new invention such as mechanization, the growing concentration within the towns, and the shift about organization for the production appeared. These new influences enable the transition from the domestic system to factory system. Indeed the mechanization does not enable workers to work at home anymore and a fundamental shift took place: the human moved through a defined location. The consequences for the human resources management were deep. Indeed, this period developed an interdependence of each position and duties. For instance, it was necessary to start and to finish the work more or less at the same time and therefore to set rules in order to develop an environment with a gathering of people. The human resourc es management knew during the second half of 20th century and during the first years of the 21st century a quiet growing evolution, highly diversified upon an international dimension and deep about the mentalities and/or relations between work and capital. Indeed the HRM is marked by the link between the respective interests for workers and the capital holders; these interests are rarely spontaneously convergent and sometimes quiet difficult to reconcile. This situation might be a source of tensions and frustration. (Leys, 2005) 1.2 Evolution of the Human resource function The evolution of HR function mainly experienced three stages: the personal department stage, the strategic human resource stage and talent management stage (Bersin, 2006). The graphic quoted from Bersins article named ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢talent management, what is it? Why now?ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬- can illustrate these three stages quite clear. Talent management : art or science ? Fang Fang Li and Pierre Devos 17 Figure 3: Evolution of the HR Function (Resource from: talent management, what is it? Why now? Bersin, 2006) Stage 1: personal department The ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢Personnel DepartmentÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬- was existed in organization during the 1970s and 1980s, which the business function was responsible for people. This department acted the role as hiring employees, pay for the salary, and make sure they had the necessary benefits. The systems which grew up to support this function were batch payroll systems. In this role, the personnel department was a well understood business function, the talent management is not involved as well as the human resource management. Stage 2: strategic human resource department During the 1980s and 1990s, the concepts of ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢Strategic HRÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬- emerged. In this stage, people in the organizations realized the much larger function of HR: job role design, organization design, recruiting and training the best employees, ensuring they are high Talent management : art or science ? Fang Fang Li and Pierre Devos 18 performers, dealing with performance issues, and ensuring your personnel and management practices conform to various regulations. Their activities also include carrying out the compensation packages including welfare, insurance, benefits, stock options and bonuses. In this role, the HR department became more than a business function: it is a business partner, reaching out to support lines of business, the emergence of the recruiting, training and performance management has some certain connected with the talent management. Stage 3: talent management We are now in the new stage: Talent Management. While strategic HR continues to be a major function, but more focus on a new set of strategic issues:  · How can we make our recruiting process more efficient and effective?  · How can we indentify the talents ability and potential, make sure they are put in the right position?  · How can we provide a learning organization that develops our talent?  · How can we reinforce our system and company culture to keep this talent? These new challenging issues require new processes and systems. It requires the integration between these processes and companys business strategy. Top leadership and HR involvement are essential, a talent mindset and capabilities must be embedded and sustained throughout the organization, and everyone in the organization should enlist in nurture and breed the talent. Creating and developing the talent through the process in this factory has become collective responsibility . The HR function is integrated with the business strategy in a real-time fashion. 1.3 A globally workforce trend When we come to the twenty-first century, the business environment has been completely ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢reinventedÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬-. The increasingly sophisticated computers technology is just one of the core shifts in how companies operate and succeed. For most of the company, human resource has become the major source of value. In the knowledge-based economy of twenty-first Talent management : art or science ? Fang Fang Li and Pierre Devos 19 century, human capability determines the winner and loser in todays global markets. Indeed, it is a necessary condition for which companies depends on, compete for and success. For a growing number of companies, competitive advantage lies in the ability to create a profit driven not by cost efficiency but by the ideas and intellectual know-how. The idea, knowledge, and skills from these people give the potential to produce value for company. Even though more and more people and organizations have realized the i mportance of human capital in the company, they dedicated millions of money to build their human resource system and supporting HR management. However, many companies complain that they do not have talented employees in their companies. Indeed, Susan Rider (2008, p19) complains the difficulty to hire talent in her text ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢a treasure of talentÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬- by saying: ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢this (talent) has become a problem for managers in many industries, and is exacerbated by employers that donÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚ ¸t take pains to vet their prospects.ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬- This situation of job-hopping is very common in most of companies or more globally in certain industries. One of the important reasons we think is the lack of attention paid on the shift of labor force market. There are three remarkable changes of the labor force market in a global level during the past decades. The nature of work is shifting The nature of the work shifts from the reliance of manual work towards to knowledge-based work. In other words, the primary value of a company has shifted from tangible to intangible assets. Over the last twenty years, along with the opening of new markets, the economy of the developed world has taken a revolution in the nature of work and where and how value is created. It has propelled fundamental changes in ways of working, the nature of production and value creation. Modern organizations own and employ fewer of the basic inputs of production than they did twenty years ago, and they generally produce a much smaller proportion of their output directly in their own facilities. As Peter Cheese mentioned in his new book ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢The talent powered organizationÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬-, twenty-five years ago, eighty percent of a typical companys market value was based on its tangible assets, such as machinery and facilities. Only a small part of its value was attributed to intangible assets. Nevertheless, today things had been reversed. On average across all industries, only around twenty to thirty percent of value is attributable to tangible assets (Cheese, Talent management : art or science ? Fang Fang Li and Pierre Devos 20 2007). The greatest part of a typical companys value comes from intangibles, including its unique knowledge, capability, production process, service, logistic, marketing and relationships with clients and suppliers, its brand value and reputation. Almost all of these intangible assets are driven by human talent. That is why General Electric Company make its business slogan as ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢great people plus great team is moneyÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬-. The CEO of GE company Jeff Immelt mentioned: The initiative we are driving now is organic growth, if that is your initiative, it doesnÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚ ¸t make sense to be training people exactly the same way you trained the m in past. So we identified about 15 companies that had grown at three times the rate of GDP, and asked them what they had in common, it was five things: external focus, decisiveness, inclusiveness, risk-taking and domain expertise. So we reoriented the way we evaluate and train along those lines. (Colvin, 2006) As he suggested the focus on the competencies that are crucial to the companys future business needs rather than focus on broad area. Skill shortage and aging population In business world, the labor shortage is a highly contentious issue. Many human resource professionals pointed out a sl Adapted from Briscoe DR, Schuler RS, Claus L 2009. International Human Resource

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Global warming and people going green Essay Free Essays

The natural environment is the place of all life and non life beings. Natural resources are available to human existences without clear cut boundaries in the natural air. H2O and clime. We will write a custom essay sample on Global warming and people going green Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Natural environment has a beginning of energy. radiation and electric charge and all these are non as an influence of human activity but by the bing nature of our planet. It is the huge creative activity that makes adult male enjoy and take pleasance and hence demands to prosecute in preserving and heightening the natural environment. Great challenges have faced our natural and original environment and accordingly devastation. pollution. and loss of life has been seen to happen through the influence of human activity. Pollution in the air. H2O. and in the environment in general has been apparent through the burning of fuels and other non reclaimable stuff. Water. land and air have non been conserved and this poses a great danger on the bing ecosystem. Man’s interferance has threatened the being of species and has led to some of them being endangered or nonextant. This is a direct impact that shows that adult male has had discourtesy of biodiversity and ecosystems in which human existences and other life beings depend on. Human’s activities have been linked to be an environments large challenge. The release of C dioxide from green houses has been on focal point as this is a human and natural environments interaction with gases has caused clime alteration. These strong concerns are associated to greenhouse gases that cause climate alteration. Global heating has been associated to the rise in the temperature on the earth’s air and oceans. Large heat capacity on oceans have caused the sea degree to lift and do utmost conditions alterations. As a consequence of such environmental concerns assorted authoritiess have signed the Kyoto protocol so that they can be after on cut downing green house emanation. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. globalissues. org/EnvIssues/GlobalWarming. asp It is of import at this occasion for adult male to understand that he has a direct influence to the alterations that occur on the Earth surface and should take cautiousness about them. Climate may alter but non entirely by atmospheric concentration of C dioxide from green houses. The ascription of planetary heating can be linked to the industrial epoch where adult male has been vigorous in their activity and have had no cognition on the impact they have to the natural environment. The soaking up of atmospheric gases contributes to warming the lower ambiance and surface of the planet. During the soaking up and emanation procedure of infrared radiation warming occurs. ( Weart 2003 ) . Water vapor. C dioxide gas. methane and ozone are the major green house gases responsible for the heating effects. This is attributed by increased human activity in the industrial revolution such as agribusiness. green houses. motor industries among others. deforestation. One among the greatest human activities that have markedly increased gas emanation is the combustion of dodos. Use of dodo fuel is therefore seen to be lending factor with such dodos fuel militias increasing their emanations through the increased and extended usage of coal and pitch littorals. Evaporated H2O signifiers gas in to the ambiance and as a consequence more H2O evaporates and hence there is more consequence than due to carbon emanations entirely. From the clouds. emitted infrared radiation exerts a warming consequence and when they reflect sunlight they emit infrared radiations that have a chilling consequence. ( Weart 2003 ) . Temperatures were comparatively stable before 1850 but gradual addition in sea temperature than on land is a natural phenomenon. Land has an effectual heat capacity as compared to the oceans which loose heat more readily. Forest glade and Asiatic rice irrigation are human influences that William Ruddiman argued that planetary clime was influenced by these activities. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. incredulity. net/global_warming Global heating consequences to planetary retreat and sea degree rise. The addition in planetary temperatures can take besides to north-polar shrinking and marked pattern alterations in the rainfall. As a consequence inundation or checkerss are a common consequence of the planetary heating. These are utmost conditions events. Death of animate beings and immensely the devastation is really tremendous. Floods and drought seasons cause low agricultural output as endurance of workss is so compromised and the life of animate beings is at interest with addition in diseases. With such catastrophes. inauspicious wellness effects. supplanting and utmost economic losingss destabilize the normal life of the people on planet Earth. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. incredulity. net/global_warming Human activity have great reverberations on their life with the possible decrease of ozone bed and happening of hurricanes and other pelagic interventions that make favorable. the spread of malaria and dandy fever febrility. With political and societal arguments traveling on. hapless parts such as Africa risk the effects of planetary heating. The developed universe and particularly the western portion have accepted the thought that human influence is the major influence to climate alteration. Assorted states now weigh the benefit that would ensue when industrial emanations are limited against the cost they would incur when they adopt new alterations. For the interest of recovering back the natural environment. alternate energy beginnings should be embraced and given opportunity for observation. Vigorous runs that teach on the consequence of planetary activities and stress on adaptation of stricter steps that would cut down gas emanation should have support worldwide. India and Chinas have a batch of C dioxide emanations and the U. S. every bit good. However. worthwhile thoughts and dedications have been recorded in the U. S which is willing to bear the cost and cut down its C emanation. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. globalissues. org/EnvIssues/GlobalWarming. asp Many alterations are bound to be realised with the day-to-day effects related to planetary heating. There is so much uncertainness about other warming marks that may be associated to human activity and ensuing to temperature addition. Vector borne diseases are bound to increase due to the migration of the insects from the north parts and particularly due to the consequence of the warmth addition. As it was recorded in 2004 and 2005. black hurricanes were attributed to the heater Waterss on the ocean and no 1 can expect if they will patronize or be stronger as they hit the parts. ( Leroux 2005 ) As a consequence of planetary warming serious checkerss will hold people suffer and particularly Africa and in Europe. In general. the effects of planetary heating can run out the economic system at a state as they try to reconstruct damaged substructure. remedy diseases and seek to pull off such environmental struggles. Though planetary heating has been attributed to other activities that do non associate to adult male. the major intercession by adult male would be to cover with those that are in their control. Solar fluctuations. volcanic eruptions. orbital forcing. glacier retreats and disease vectors may be associated be causative agents to increased temperature. But a critical expression at it lives the inquiry. Should adult male be nescient of his activities on the Earth? hypertext transfer protocol: //www. canadafreepress. com/2007/global-warming020507. html Man should be at the bow forepart. looking for solutions instead than warranting their non- part to the planetary heating. Small and big graduated table preventative steps can be put in topographic point to assist forestall farther injury and make a better topographic point for our kids to populate in. Without green house emanations temperature would be endurable and more hospitable. Use of fossil fuels used to run autos. heat places and concerns should be under cheque so that carbon dioxide concentration is reduced. In this breath. usage of gas. gasoline and Diesel as used in crude oil merchandises should be reduced. In the same manner that adult male has been able to impact the planet. they should be able to consequence alteration through alteration of practise. They should do usage of fuel-efficient autos. cut down travel errands. and utilize alternate agencies of conveyance like walking or merely working from the house. At place. one should take at utilizing energy salvaging contraptions and illuming stuffs. A great trade of deforestation. industrial activities. excavation and agricultural addition has led to gas emanation. As a scheme. trees should be planted and deforestation stopped. Deciduous trees should be planted as they contribute to taking 50 lbs of C from the air yearly. Industrialization should be minimized and compost cavities made for waste disposal such as foliages. Ignorance about planetary heating should be a forgone phenomenon and adult male should wake up to the call of reconstructing the already damaged environment. Air. H2O systems and the environment have degraded and the issue at manus is to come on and change by reversal the eroding that has already taken topographic point. It is of paramount concern. that adult male should non take opportunities to affect themselves in activities that compromise the planetary call to forestalling planetary heating. The hazards involved in planetary heating are far stretching and the effects can be felt for a life-time. As per the United Nations millenary development ends. work outing the environmental job will be regarded as eliminating poorness. Mankind should take to cut down dodo fuel imports and continue the ecosystem through increased consciousness runs that address the clime alteration issue. Citizens and companies should encompass anti pollution and planetary heating bar steps. ( Pringle 2001 ) Policies at local and national degree should be put in operation so that single activities are governed and implemented at province degree. Why would adult male non be willing to do a better topographic point for him and coevalss to come? The major measure to understand that forestalling C emanation is one of the cheapest intercessions that adult male can utilize to halt the threat. Invention in new engineering of autos and major power workss should hold a 2nd idea on the deduction it has the hereafter. All in all adult male should through accustomed pattern. salvage energy and have another option to utilize of fossil fuels. In 1990 to 19995. El Nino was a force per unit area release that was linked to planetary heating. Heavy rains pounded and several thousand displaced by inundations. Death of human and of farm animal marked the season. Beside such conditions events hurricanes have claimed life. caused devastation and economic loss. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. globalissues. org/EnvIssues/GlobalWarming. asp Why would adult male be willing to put on the line more? It is the responsibility of all adult male to transport aggressive runs and appreciate the fact that they caused it to go on and they can do it alter for better. With dedication and motive. such calamities can be long forgotten as they work on towards one end of forestalling planetary heating and reconstructing the debauched environment. Its effects are black but our control is the manner frontward. Plants Cited Ball T. Global Warming. worlds. Carbon Dioxide. The Cold. Hard Facts. Retrieved from ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. canadafreepress. com/2007/global-warming020507. htm on Friday. April 11. 2008 How to cite Global warming and people going green Essay, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Ap Global Midterm Review free essay sample

Only two completely new countries in Europe were formed after WWW Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Poland, which had been wiped off the map in 1795, was revived. The Baltic republics Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania asserted their independence. Romania doubled in size. After To a great extent, no new countries were formed after World War II. Most of these changes occurred in the East.Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, only just winning independence after WWW were erased as independent states and came part of the Soviet Union. Pollards borders were moved eastward to include only the corridor from before the war but also parts of East Prussia, Pomeranian, and Sillies, though they also lost the eastern parts of their country to the Soviet Union. Austria and Czechoslovakia, states created by the end of WWW but annexed to Nazi Germany in the asses reappeared, though Czechoslovakia was firmly under Soviet domination and the Austrian were forced to remain neutral during the growing Cold War. We will write a custom essay sample on Ap Global Midterm Review or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In Europe the only country divided was Germany. * Conservatism in western politics Conservatives, such as Australias prince Clemens von Meteoritic, were bent on maintaining the sanctity of traditional political institutions, particularly the monarchy. It was also their goal to maintain a balance of power in Europe in order to ensure a permanent peace. * Welfare state Welfare State and Consumer Society A. The motives for the welfare state protection against depression and political extremism argument for social justice B.Features of the welfare state support from cradle to grave 2. Educational and cultural opportunities C. The growth of consumer society a new standard of living . Materialism and hedonism the 3. The end of public life? * Nuclear umbrella Nuclear umbrella refers to a guarantee by a nuclear weapons state to defend a non-nuclear allied state. * Germany after World War II At the end of the war, Germany was basically divided into 4 sections, each one under the control of one of the Allied powers; The United States, England, France, and Russia.Berlin was divided as well. After a period of rebuilding and reorganization, the sections under the control of the United States, England, and France were returned to the control of the German government. Russia attained control over its section and brought it under the fold of the newly formed USSR. This resulted in the Berlin Wall, and the separate countries of East Germany and West Germany. Following the fall of communism and the breakup of the USSR in the 1 asss, Germany reunified. Marshall plan * Proposed to rebuild the continent in the interest of political stability and a healthy world economy * viewed as a vehicle for American economic dominance * Iron Curtain * a term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the boundary that separated the Warsaw Pact countries from the NATO c ountries from about 945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991 * was both a physical and an ideological division that represented the way Europe was viewed after World War II * Soviet control over Eastern Europe Between 1 945 and 1949 Stalin created a Russian empire in Eastern Europe. This empire included Poland, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and East Germany. Each had a Communist government. In the West they were called satellites because they clung closely to the Soviet Union like satellites round a planet. Stalin was able to create this empire for a number of reasons. The first was the military might of the Soviet Union in Europe after 945. Another reason for the spread of Communism after the war was the gratitude of many Eastern Europeans for their liberation from Nazism.This, and the often-appalling conditions at the end of the war, played into the hands of east European communist parties, which were, of course, backed by Stalin and the Soviet union. * Decentralization after World War II After WINNIE Europe tried to reassert its colonial dominance over Africa and the Far East. At the same time national movements grew strong in those colonies. Europe soon realized that they would be unable to physically control the loonies without massive military occupation forces.This was impossible both in economic and political terms. As a result the colonial powers began a staged withdrawal of physical control but maintained economic ties. While these new countries were independent their formal colonial masters still had much control over the country. * Impact of World War II on international trade The conclusion of World War II spurred efforts to correct the problems stemming from protectionism, which had increased since 1 871 , and trade restrictions, which had been imposed between World Wars I and II. The exulting multilateral trade agreements and other forms of international economic cooperation led to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GAIT) and laid the foundation for the World Trade Organization ONTO). * Impact of World War II on civilian population -One of the most distressing impacts that war has on civilians is the frequent removal of their basic human rights -Huge civilian casualties on front line and bombing attacks -gave people the physiological hope to become as powerful as Hitler did * Consequences of industrialization in the asses Mass migration of people from the land to the cities.

Monday, March 30, 2020

The Darkness Out There written by Penelope Lively Essay Example For Students

The Darkness Out There written by Penelope Lively Essay The Darkness Out There written by Penelope Lively is a twentieth century story about a girl called Sandra who over a trip to an old ladys house realises that appearances can be deceiving and learns not to be so prejudge mental to people. She learns to be more mature and less naÃÆ' ¯ve. Old Mrs Chundle is a pre-twentieth century tale about a curate who through an encounter with an old woman realises that he did not live up to the good person he had always imagined he had been, and also he feels guilty as a result of his wrong actions. We will write a custom essay on The Darkness Out There written by Penelope Lively specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The beginning of The Darkness Out There is a contrast to the title with descriptions of the country and also of the old woman Mrs Rutter. Brushing through the grass, polleny summer grass that glinted in the sun. This is your first impression of the surroundings Sandra travels through and an example of the contrasting descriptions compared to the gloomy title. Sandra has a strong pre-conception of old people being innocent and sweet who deserve to be treated well. They were really sweet, the old people. Her pre-conceptions are down to her innocence of being young and of her naivety too. Sandras natural assumption is that she assumes she is doing a good job giving up her time for the old people who deserved to be assisted. However as soon as Sandra gets a glimpse of Packers End the author changes the feeling of the story to dark and gloomy descriptions of the area, It was a rank place for example. This idea of the area given to the readers creates the impression that the darkness out there in this story is Packers End and gives a false illusion or pre-conception that the story is morally and fully based around it. The transition from the pleasant descriptions of the countryside to the of Packers End is quite blunt with one significant quote the light suddenly shutting off the bare wide sky of the field. Packers End. This quote is effective because it shows the change in mood and description. It also shows that Packers End is the darkness out there in Sandras mind too. You get the impression of Sandras fear by the comments made like she wouldnt go in there for a thousand pounds, which shows you the extent that she would go to in order to avoid approaching it. There are also many descriptions describing Sandras impressions of fear of the area like the greyness you couldnt quite see into the clotted shifting depths of the place. This quote not only shows Sandras fears but also describes the darkness out there as if until you look closer you cannot tell what it is. This relates back to the pre-judgemental attitude Sandra has towards Mrs Rutter and Kerry at the start of the story. Sandra is scared of Packers End because of all the tales that people had told her as a child like the ghostly presence of German aircrew, and recently the story of the girl that was raped and attacked there. Note that after many of the stories are told they end with people said. This suggests that Sandra does not really have an entire mind of her own and that people are influential in her thinking, which is probably why she is still afraid of Packers End. As a child she was, and still is, afraid of the ghostly place with wolves. But going into her teens it was mainly the Nazi plane and the rape that daunts her because they were more realistic things. Others again influence her on the supposed rape incident too. There was this girl, people at school saidà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ This quote gives evidence of her listening to what people told her and she appears to be very gullible, which makes her more naÃÆ' ¯ve of the real life and Packers End Sandra has an idyllic life as her dream for the future for example travelling to perfect places you can get. She would go to places like on travel brochures and run into a blue sea. As this shows she with other younger people dream of not the real world with financial problems and divorce but a flawless lifestyle where nothing could go wrong. Sandra also dreams of having a perfect home and location and a handsome husband. Two children, a boy and a girl. Children with fair and shiny hair like hers and there would be this manà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ This quote portrays the lifestyle that she would like and shows her assumption that it will happen. However Sandra overlooks any possibility that some of her ideas could become flawed. But on the other hand she does seem to take her future seriously however naÃÆ' ¯ve she may be. Compared to Kerry Stevens realistic plan for life hers is like a dream because Kerry seems to have his feet firmly on the ground. The writer uses Sandras ideas of her storybook future to further give evidence of he naivety, and by using comparisons to Kerrys future further shows how much her head appears to be up in the clouds. Kerry Stevens does not make a good impression on Sandra in terms of appearance because he was not the best looking person and the writer shows Sandras judgemental attitude by her initial opinions of Kerry at a first glance. Some people you only have to look at to know theyre not up to much. This quote shows her opinions of not Kerry but also of the way she views other people as well. The way the writer has shown Sandras judgemental side is to also show a contrast in the story to give evidence of change in her character later on in the story. Sandra has a good view of Mrs Rutter mainly because of the portrayal of the woman being really sweet, lots of the old people. This is her pre-conception before she even sees the old lady. This gives us a good understanding of not only her judging character towards appearances of people but also portrays judgement of personality for the first time also. Sandra thinks that Mrs Rutter is a very nice lady because of her friendly initial welcome to her, which is understandable because not only does the writer make Sandra think this but the reader also, perhaps to deceive us about Mrs Rutters personality and to make ourselves pre- conceive her character too. A creamy smiling pool of a face in which her eyes snapped and darted. This quote gives the impression of a plump, harmless old woman, which the writer purposely wants us the reader and Sandra to think for the deception that occurs later on in the tale. The writer encourages us, Sandra and Kerry also to feel sympathy towards her because of the fact that she is alone and her husbands death in the war was very tragic. He was in one of the first campaigns in Belgium, and he never came back. The way that Mrs Rutter describes his death creates sympathy naturally and the fact she has been alone for years makes you feel sorry for her further. The writer also creates more sympathy when we learn that she was childless and regrets it because she feels it a loss not to have had any. It is more shocking to learn about what Mrs Rutter did because of the circumstances that her husband died in. You would have thought that considering he was gunned down in the same way as the German that she would have had more sympathy towards the man. However instead of giving him a chance to live, Mrs Rutters coldness and nastiness allowed him to suffer. At this point we see a change in the story where we the reader, Sandra and Kerry see her in a different perspective to what we initially thought of her apart from Kerry, who had a slight suspicion about of her to begin with. .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 , .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .postImageUrl , .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 , .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:hover , .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:visited , .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:active { border:0!important; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:active , .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686 .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u02f72ce99f2aa798403a6051c7cc9686:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Brooke's poem EssayYou can at this point refer to another novel, which sends out a particular message about people. In Lord of the Flies written by William Golding the main concept and moral to the story is that whoever we are there is the potential for evil within us all. Dot said he wasnt going to last long, good job too, three of them thatll be. This quote shows how unconcerned they were about an injured man that they could save from death. The writer shows Mrs Rutters coldness by the way that the old woman narrates her story. Mrs Rutter tells the story in a manner- of- fact way and is not bothered or affected by the events. This makes us disgusted because she does not see how inhumane it was to have done such a thing. Tit for tat I said. This quote gives evidence of Mrs Rutter seeing what they did as revenge or out of bitterness for the Germans killing her husband, which may be the motive for her horrific actions. This quote shows us that Mrs Rutter has no feeling of guilt or remorse and by showing us this, the writer makes us feel more horrified of what she and her sister did. The boys spoon clattered to the floor; he did not move. This quote gives evidence to us of Kerrys stunned reaction to Mrs Rutter in the way that he was so shocked he could not move. He is also sickened by the fact that that Mrs Rutter thinks that it is something normal for a person to do. You had this coming to you mate, theres a war on. It was what everyone said in those days. These quotes show that she thought it was humane and acceptable for anyone to do. She used this expression that people had said to justify her actions, but even though people said this would they have left a helpless man to die? To show that Sandra has changed the writer illustrates the better points of Packers End to make her realise that it is not a bad place or most importantly the darkness out there. Birds sang. There were not, as the girl the girl realised wolves, witches or tigers. This shows us her realisation that there is nothing to be scared of as she first thought. The writer also by her new view of Packers End shows that she is less naÃÆ' ¯ve of the place and that she has opened her eyes to reality more. Sandra has also grown up in other ways by learning not to pre-judge people as she did with Mrs Rutter and Kerry. She has realised that it is not appearances that matter but what is inside also, with Mrs Rutter perceived as being a sweet woman but revealing to be a cruel hearted and bitter woman. You could get people all wrong, she realised with alarm. This quote gives evidence of her realising how wrong her pre-conceptions have been, and her concern of this shows also that she has grown up because of her recognition of this. The writer also emphasises her changes in character by her recognition also of Kerry Stevens not seeming as bad as he looks. He had grown; he had got older and larger. His anger eclipsed his acneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ This quote shows Sandra looking at Kerry from a different perspective to the scruffy, dodgy type that she previously thought he was. Sandra overall has discovered that the darkness out there is not Packers End but the cold-heartedness and evil that is present within some people. Referring back to William Goldings point that the potential for evil is within us all; the evil was within the innocent looking Mrs Rutter. As a result of these events and changes in character she has become less naÃÆ' ¯ve about things unlike before, which may change her overall attitudes to life and become more wary of the real world. In Old Mrs Chundle our first real impression of the woman is that she is quite stubborn and a grumpy old lady, and when approached by the Curate she quite unwelcoming. A sour look crossed her face. This quote gives evidence of our initial opinion of her and the writer shows her character to be like this through her actions and expressions rather than through her looks in the Darkness out there. I tell ee tis two pence and no more! This is an example of this where she seems rude and stubborn through her actions here when talking to the Curate. Old Mrs Chundle is a pre-19th century text and is reflected in the language used and the actions of the characters. I suppose tis the wrong sort, and that ye would sooner have bread and cheese? This quote shows the different style of language used in the story with ye instead of you and tis used instead of it is. Also the actions of the characters in the story reflect the older period when it was written. The lunch hour drew on, and he felt hungry. Quite near him was a stone à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å"built old cottage of respectable and substantial build, he entered and was received by an old woman. This quote gives evidence of an out of character action in todays society hence showing that this was written pre-19th century. No one today would do that and would instead go to a fast food restaurant or to their own homes for example. There is a contrast in our first impressions that we get of the two old ladies in both stories. Mrs Rutter appears to be a nice, old woman, whilst Mrs Chundle seems to us rather rude. Thomas Hardy has done the same as Penelope Lively in creating a sort of perception for us of a character and then deceives us later in terms of who turns out to be the changed persona and who we pre-conceive. In this case the changed persona is the Curate and our pre-conception is of Mrs Chundle. The Curate seems very shocked at how Mrs Chundle could lie to him and pre-judges her motives for doing this. Wicked old woman. What can she think of herself for such deception? But despite this he still tries to get her to church as a challenge and because its his sort of responsibility. I think it was a culpable, unkind thing of you. This shows the determination of the Curate by confronting her on the matter. Mrs Chundle agrees to attend church firstly because of the trouble that the curate is willing to, with the ear trumpet for her to attend church. After the trumpet failing he comes up with a sound tube system to again enable her to hear the sermon. The writer makes us feel that the Curate is a good man by illustrating the trouble that he went to for Mrs Chundle to attend church. At great trouble to himself. The way that the Curate tries everything to help her, the writer shows that he is quite devoted to helping the woman when no one else has ever attempted to. .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 , .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .postImageUrl , .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 , .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:hover , .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:visited , .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:active { border:0!important; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:active , .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9 .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uf209fec4d9f192f6d4986d0efdb58cc9:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: In what ways could the hound of the baskervilles be described as a gothic novel? EssayThe writer shows the change in the Curates character by his ignorance of the old lady in the sermon. He blocks up the tube after her bad smell lingers up the tube towards him. Desperately thrusting his thumb into the hole. This quote shows that the Curate is being very intolerant and has at this point no concern about the old woman, only himself. The Curate is also shown to be self conscious about himself because he has blocked up the pipe probably to avoid further embarrassment towards himself in church. To the Curates total dismay Mrs Chundle is very overjoyed by her ability to hear cle arly. I shall come every Sunday morning reglar, now, please God. This shows her new enthusiasm about church, and the writer illustrates this by using strong words in her dialogue for example Please God. After Mrs Chundle attends church regularly the writer shows a transition in the Curates character. I cannot stand this I shall tell her not to come. This quote shows how rude and inconsiderate he is becoming after his encounters with Mrs Chundle. We also see the Curate setting out to reverse what he had been doing just to stop Mrs Chundle bothering him. He becomes very selfish because he is only considering the consequences of removing the pipe on his part and not hers. For example he simply thinks of no embarrassment at his sermons and no bother, not that the old woman would be unhappy, lonely and not be able to attend something that she enjoys. Ive promised to go and read to her but I shant go. The writer also illustrates the Curate to be a very angry man by showing how he puts off a simple task of going to see Mrs Chundle and again does not consider how rude it is towards the old woman. He was described as being vexed about the matter viewing it as an ordeal for himself. He is shown once again by his actions in this story to being a very selfish man and inconsiderate of other peoples feelings. The writer builds up the guilt the Curate should feel after Mrs Chundles death by putting the emphasis on Mrs Chundles circumstances of death. She became ill partly because perhaps she did not want to let the Curate down after all the trouble that he had went to for her. She harried overmuch, and runned up the hill. It upset her heart. This quote shows the trouble that Mrs Chundle had gone to, to get to church on time so she did not miss the Curates sermon. The writer also creates the guilt by the way that Mrs Chundle did not assume that he did not come for bad reasons as she said that he was so loyal to her. This creates guilt by the fact that Mrs Chundle thought so well of him. You were so staunch and faithful in wishing to do her good. This quote emphasises how well she thought of him and how loyal she considered the Curate to be, and it also shows that she had no doubt at all that he was being unkind towards her in any way. The writer finally emphasises the point of guilt concerning the will by the words that Mrs Chundle said to the woman as she handed over the will to give to the Curate. Hes a man in a thousand. Hes not ashamed of an old womanà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ This quote gives evidence that Mrs Chundle considers him very considerate and kind, when told this the Curate must have felt not only guilt but also moved too. This is because of the way that she thought of him so highly. Also the amount of possessions that Mrs Chundle had left the Curate shows a lot. Firstly it made him realise that he was the only friend that she had and did not have much in her life at all. It also shows that he must have meant a lot to her for her to leave him with everything that she owned. On opening it he found it to be what she called her will, in which shed left him herà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ This quote shows the extent at which she had given him in return for the good ways she had thought that the Curate treated her. The way that Mrs Chundle died and the will for example, are used by the writer to make us assume that the Curate will be guilty, shocked and upset over her death. This is also because of the way that he treated her. However judging by the ending the Curate does not seem very flustered by everything and is very calm apart from a tear in his eye. The writer uses like Peter to compare what the Curate has done with Peter before the death of Christ. The correlation is that they both betrayed Mrs Chundle and Christ, which is effective because Hardy shows the extent of the Curates unkindness further. And as he went his eyes were wetà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ This quote shows to us that the Curate is moved in some way by what has happened. Although he prays we assume for forgiveness and Mrs Chundle, will he change for the future or does he consider that a prayer of repentance will be good enough and he will no longer feel any more guilt? He rose brushed the knees of his trousers, and walked on. This quote at the end does suggest that now he has prayed for his sins that he can carry on normally, and that the Curate has not really learnt his lesson. At this point we as the reader are expected to be and are very sympathetic towards Mrs Chundle and only contempt towards the Curate. Therefore you can clearly see that again the writer has created a reversal in character feeling, because we liked the Curate at first as he went to all the trouble for Mrs Chundle. However he reversed in to a rude and inconsiderate man. Whereas we initially thought Mrs Chundle was rude but she turned out to be a kind and thoughtful woman. In The Darkness Out There and Old Mrs Chundle, both writers have created a good effect of deception where the Sandra and we the reader are surprised in the change in character of Mrs Rutter, Mrs Chundle and the Curate. As a result of the encounters with these two old women, both of the main characters have changed in different ways. During the story the curate changed from being a kind-hearted man to being rude, selfish and ignorant towards Mrs Chundle. The Curate like Sandra was also naÃÆ' ¯ve himself because he could not realise how his bad actions were affecting the old woman. He does change a little because he realises what his duties are as a Curate and in future how far he should take them, like not interfering so much with others. Sandra has changed her view on life by being more realistic about things rather than having her head up in the clouds so much. She is also less naÃÆ' ¯ve about people and has learned not to be so pre-judgemental about people and that looks can be deceiving. The writer shows Sandras change in character by comparing her views of Packers End before and after she has changed in attitude to emphasise the fact that she has grown up more.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Co-ownership on Family Home Essay Example

Co Co-ownership on Family Home Essay Co-ownership on Family Home Essay in Baumgartner v Baumgartner30, the court held that the foundation for the imposition of a constructive trust was that a refusal to recognise the existence of the equitable interest amounts to unconscionable conduct and that the trust is imposed as a remedy to circumvent that. The majority of the judges here considered the determination of the terms of a constructive trust in such cases. The Baumgartner 31principles, if properly applied, may achieve a reasonable degree of justice and equity in the determination of de facto property issues. However, there lacked clear guidance and reasonable predictability, and hence a difficulty to advise clients. The non-recognition of non-financial contributions means that, to succeed, a party must establish a Baumgartner 32type constructive trust or other equitable device. While the current position is a significant advance on the common law regime for resolving property issues between cohabitants on relationship breakdown, it remains imperfect and fragmented. In Canada, the Supreme Court of Canada in Pettkus v Becker33 used the constructive trust to award a woman an equal share in property acquired by her partner during a nineteen-year relationship, in which both were working together on a farm, concluding that he would be unjustly enriched if her contribution to the acquisition of this property was not recognised. The constructive trust in Canada has evolved into a broad equitable remedy for giving property based recognition for domestic contributions at the end of a non-marital relationship. This is seen in Peter v Beblow34, whereby, MacLachlin J made it clear that this constructive trust claim could be based on purely domestic contributions and in Nowell v Town Estate35 where the Court invoked the related doctrine of unjust enrichment to award a woman $300,000 after the end of a 30-year quasi-spousal relation-ship, despite the fact that the man continued to maintain his primary residence with his wife throughout the relationship. It is clear that the corpus is made up of English thinking with the traditional analysis, Australian bringing about quasi-marital property division with a constructive trust but on the basis of unconscionability, and in Canada good conscience as well as unjust enrichment. However, it remains unclear how receptive the courts are to the notions of unconscionability and unjust enrichment being the underlying principles of estoppel. This willingness does not appear to be obvious across the board and the approach of the English courts has become too rule-orientated. One of the significant shortcomings in the English law is that the courts may have become too rule-orientated, in searching for legal clarity, as reflected by the rigid interpretation of Rosset36 and, in particular, the requirement for direct financial contributions. Once the courts recognise that the common intention approach need not be dictated solely by the rigid rule, it allows greater flexibility for the courts to take into consideration a wider range of contributions, direct and indirect. The courts assessment should include consideration of the whole course of conduct between the parties, as well as the effects of sexual division of labour in the relationship and how that may impact on the claimants resources in terms of making contributions, whether direct or indirect, towards the relationship. Refocusing on these issues may cover the way for a principled basis of deciding family property disputes which is less gender biased. No doubt, it would be an easier approach to protect the cohabitants through the passing of legislation similar to those that protect married couples and civil partners and this seems to be the case today after the suggested reforms seen in Cohabitation: The Financial Consequences of Relationship Breakdown37 and Sharing Homes38 by the Law Commission. The vital importance throughout common law history of the trust creators intent has left instead a shifting sand of theory of what it is that constitutes a trust. All the adjectives express, implied, resulting, and constructive merely had us chasing the peripheral. Hence, it is undeniable that a better change is needed to mend the imperfection identified above.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Restriction of alcohol Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Restriction of alcohol - Research Paper Example Heavy consumption of alcohol for the purpose of getting intoxicated is, in modern terms, called binge drinking which is actually the consumption of five or more drinks in a row in a week. There are many reasons behind why people want to binge drink. The most important is peer pressure. People, including students, see others around doing it and they want to do it too because they are curious and because the media, bars and companies make heavy drinking sound like a fun activity. Youngsters binge drink because they want to feel grown up; elders binge drink for several other reasons which include de-stressing oneself, removing boredom, socializing, trying to stand out in crowd (hedonistic or macho drinkers), or removing depression. Whatever the reason may be, heavy consumption of alcohol is hazardous in nature. Some disastrous effects include affected brain activity, memory and concentration; increased emotional mood swings; inability to perceive the direction of sound; dysfunctional re productive system; increased risk of breast cancer (Doheny); affected driving leading to accidents; and, family violence. I predicted that although people might binge drink to de-stress themselves, but there are so many adverse effects related to it that people will support my hypothesis that heavy alcohol consumption must be restricted by law, and for every age. Although there is much research done in the past regarding this issue, still there are research gaps that need to be filled in. Most of the researchers have focused on student binge drinking. Wechsler et al. conducted research on 17592 college students and found that students who binge drink suffer from serious health issues and behavioral problems that bother others at the institute. Researchers (Wechsler et al.; Chaloupka and Wechsler) support the fact that legal interventions are required to stop binge drinking in college students. Pridemore studied how binge drinking leads to